The Revolt of 1857 eventually broke out over the incident of greased cartridges. Rumors began to spread in 1856 that the grease on the cartridges was made from a mixture of beef tallow and pork lard. Major Events of the revolt of 1857 2nd February 1857 – Revolt of the 19th foot regiment at Behrampur. THE REVOLT OF 1857. Finally, Indians—regardless of class, caste, or religion—felt oppressed and disrespected by the agents of the British East India Company. It was too much of a disgrace and this incident sent a wave of indignation. Company officials who abused or even murdered Indians were seldom punished properly: Even if they were tried, they were rarely convicted, and those who were convicted could avoid punishment by filing endless appeals. The sepoys and the people fought gallantly up to the very end. My dear friend At this conjuncture I believe that the reasons for the Revolt of 1857 is indeed many, the prime and the most important one being the religious sentiments being hurt. 10th May 1857 : Ninety sepoys of 3rd Native Regiment at Meerut revolted on the issue of the greased cartridges. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. Q.3- The greased cartridges given to the Indian soldiers was made of what? It is an important land mark on in the history of India which occurred during the viceroyalty of Lord Canning. After their trial and execution, entire garrison in Meerut revolted and raised the cry of Delhi … On 10th May 1857, the Indian soldiers at Meerut broke into open revolt. This war was not spread throughout India but it was limited to few areas mainly Meerut, Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow etc. This was an attempt by the British to control royal succession in the princely states that were nominally independent from the British. She with the help of Tantya Tope created problems for the British troops. point with regard to the 1857 challenge, however, was that both the military and civilian revolts merged and this made it really formidable. The Revolt: Mangal Pandey. The Mutiny spread rapidly in eastern and northern India. The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. Comment. Canning tried to make amends for the error and the offending cartridges were withdrawn, but by … Its cartridges had a greased cover which had to be bitten off before loading the cartridge in the rifle. The Revolt of 1857 eventually broke out over the incident of greased cartridges. 6. Eating cows, of course, is forbidden by Hinduism, while consumption of pork is forbidden by Islam. Bentinck and Dalhousie (b) exiled to Rangoon: 3. The Beginning :-29th March 1857 : First spark of revolt at Barrackpore in Bengal where Mangal Pandey killed the British adjutant and was later hanged for firing on senior officers. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the new Enfield Rifle for the first time. https://mocomi.com/ presents: The Sepoy MutinyThe Indian soldiers who fought for the British were among the first to revolt against them too. 7. In May 1857, 85 sepoys of 3rd cavalry at Meerut rebelled but were imprisoned. 1D77H6RFKHX8 \ PDF ~ The Greased Cartridge: The Heroes and Villains of 1857-58 The Greased Cartridge: The Heroes and Villains of 1857-58 Filesize: 6.05 MB Reviews It is great and fantastic. This book is essentially about the heroes - Tatya Tope, Nana Saheb, Rani Lakshmi Bai, Kunwar Singh of Jagdishpur - and not to forget, a few villains. Political, social, economic, military and other factors contributed to the making of the Revolt of 1857. The East India Company forbade certain religious practices and traditions, including sati—the practice of killing widows on the death of their husbands—to the outrage of many Hindus. These 85 soldiers were court-martialled and imprisoned for 10 years. They were courtmartialled and sentenced to ten years rigorous Thus, by making one small change to its munitions, the British managed to greatly offend both Hindu and Muslim soldiers. Though the revolt was unsuccessful, the spirit of the people remained unshaken. The sepoy named Mangal Pandey attacked and killed his adjutant. Rejecting the issue of greased cartridges as the cause of the rebellion, he wondered whether it was not a national revolt, a ‘great and formidable rebellion.’ Official writings about 1857 revolt set the trend for imperialist historiography. Political, social, economic, military and other factors contributed to the making of the Revolt of 1857. Their fellow Sepoys broke out an open rebellion on 10th May and shot their officer and … The British government exiled him to Rangoon, Burma. British manufacturers soon changed the cartridges in an attempt to calm the spreading anger among the soldiers, but this move backfired. 29 March 1857 – The sepoys at Barrackpore refused to use the fat greased cartridges. These 85 soldiers were court-martialled and imprisoned for 10 years. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. On 10th May 1857, the Indian soldiers at Meerut broke into open revolt. Click to see full answer This War was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. Revolt of 1857. The struggle for independence at Lucknow was led by Nawab, Wajid Ali Shah. A rumour spread that the cartridges of the new Enfield rifles were greased with the fat of cows and pigs. The Greased Cartridges supplied for new Enfield Rifels was the immediate cause for the Revolt of 1857. Col Carmichael Smith, commandant of the 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry Regiment, had ordered 90 sepoys to assemble and use the disputed “greased cartridges”. Q.4- Who was the leader of the Revolt of 1857? Meerut: April 24, 1857, was a Friday. Fat of the dog c. Fat of the goat and the sheep d. Fat of cow and pig. Before loading these rifles the sepoys had to bite off the paper on the cartridges. a. A fierce battle was fought between the British and the revolutionaries under Rani Laxmi Bai and Tantya Tope from June 11 to June 1 8, 1 858 A. D. But the personal velour of Rani and Tantya Tope could not match the resources at the command of the British. Q.2- When did the Revolt of 1857 started? Fat of the dog c. Fat of the goat and the sheep d. Fat of cow and pig. One cannot but admire the patriotic spirit of boatmen of Lucknow who refused to carry British soldiers across the river. 29 March 1857 – The sepoys at Barrackpore refused to use the fat greased cartridges. Princely families joined the uprising due to changes to the inheritance law which made adopted children ineligible to assume the throne. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Both fought many successful battles against the British. It was a glorious landmark in our history in as much as Hindus and Muslims fought shoulder to shoulder to win back their lost independence. greased cartridge, and shot down his sergeant. THE REVOLT OF 1857 INTRODUCTION THE REVOLT OF 1857 INTRODUCTION INDIA IN 1857 One hundred years after the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the smouldering embers of resentment and anger against the unjust, exploitative and oppressive British government exploded into flames and shook the very foundation of the British rule in India. The Revolt began at Meerut, ... On 24 April 1857, ninety men of the 3rd Native Cavalry refused to accept the greased cartridges. The 34 Native Infantry was disbanded and sepoys guilty of rebellion were punished. Its cartridges had a greased paper cover whose end had to be bitten off before the cartridge was loaded into the rifle. The Revolt of 1857 was sparked because of the use of greased cartridges. a. Many of the sepoys, believed that the Government was deliberately trying to destroy their religion. The Revolt ended the rule of the _____ _____ _____ _____. Fat of the hen b. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. Their Colonel confronted them supported by artillery and cavalry on the parade ground, but after some negotiation withdrew the artillery, and cancelled the next … The roots of the 1857 revolt lay in Blatantly discriminatory policies, exploitative land revenue policy and the policy of greased cartridges. General Sir Huge Rose attacked Jhansi in March 1858 but the brave Rani Laxmi Bai kept the British General unnerved for quite some time. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. The course of the Revolt: The Sepoys brokeout into open revolt at Meerut in April 1857. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. But when he heard about inhuman attitude of Gen. O’Neil towards Indians, he became very furious and killed all the British. They were stripped off their uniforms in the presence of the entire Indian crowd. A general sense of racial superiority among the British fueled Indian anger across the country. This sparked off a general mutiny among the Indian soldiers stationed at Meerut. The previous evening, the sepoys had taken an oath not to touch the cartridges. But the Merrut incidence led to early breaking of the revolt on (a) May 10, 1857 (b) May 17, 1857 (c) May 21, 1857 (d) May 27, 1857. The Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was proclaimed Emperor of India. Canning tried to make amends for the error and the offending cartridges were withdrawn, … Its cartridges had a greased cover which had to be bitten off before loading the cartridge in the rifle. They refused to touch the greased cartridges. The grease used included tallow supplied by the Indian firm of Gangadarh Banerji & Co. By January, the rumours were abroad that the Enfield cartridges were greased with animal fat. He was arrested, tried and executed. To load it, the sepoys had to bite off the ends of lubricated cartridges. On 26 February 1857 the 19th Bengal Native Infantry(BNI) regiment became concerned that new cartridges they had been issued were wrapped in paper greased with cow and pig fat, which had to be opened by mouth thus affecting their religious sensibilities. II. The Immediate Cause The atmosphere was so surcharged that even a small issue could lead to revolt. At last, the Commander-in-Chief General Collin Campbell, marched towards Lucknow and captured it after a fierce battle in March 1858. Causes of 1857 Revolt. In January 1857,British introduced a new cartridge of en-field rifle greased with pig and cow fats, soldiers had to chew it before use. a. Fat of the hen b. The Beginning :-29th March 1857 : First spark of revolt at Barrackpore in Bengal where Mangal Pandey killed the British adjutant and was later hanged for firing on senior officers. He was arrested and hanged to death on April 8, 1857. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on its own. I actually have read and so i am certain that i am going to going to go through once again yet again in the future. Peasants were none too happy either, though—they joined the revolt to protest heavy land taxes imposed by the British. Late Jan 1857: rumors started to circulate among sepoys in Dum Dum near Calcutta that the cartridges of new Enfield Rifle introduced to replace old Brown Bess musket has been greased with cow & pig fat This confirmed the sepoys old suspicion about the conspiracy to destroy their religion & caste and convert them to Christianity. In May 1857, 85 sepoys of 3rd cavalry at Meerut rebelled but were imprisoned. They further assert that it was not a national war of independence, in as much as the revolt was confined to a particular region and not to the whole of India; large areas like the Punjab, Sind and Rajputana remained unaffected. a. Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi b. TantiyaTope c. Nana Saheb d. Bahadur Shah Zafar. This fits appropriately with the definitions given for main cause, as well as shows the audience that even respectable sources such as the BBC and avid researchers are in agreement with my own position. Revolt of 1857 - Examine the reasons Question - Greased Cartridge Incident became a prime cause in the outbreak of the Revolt of 1857. It was a source of inspiration for the national liberation movement, which later achieved what the revolt could not. 2. The Immediate Cause The atmosphere was so surcharged that even a small issue could lead to revolt. Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them. After their trial and execution, entire garrison in Meerut revolted and raised the cry of … A Chowkeydar ran up to another village with two chupatties. It was called the Sepoy Mutiny by the British. Question - Greased Cartridge Incident became a prime cause in the outbreak of the Revolt of 1857. the problem of greased cartridges in India in the time of the revolt of 1857 was..... because the greased catridges were made up of beaf of cows and pork of pigs. Rejecting the issue of greased cartridges as the cause of the rebellion, he wondered whether it was not a national revolt, a ‘great and formidable rebellion.’ Official writings about 1857 revolt set the trend for imperialist historiography. (b) They could not have relations with foreign powers. Thus, out of the 90 sepoys, 85 troops refused to use them. The revolt left an impression on the minds of the Indian people and thus paved the way for the rise of a strong national movement. This sparked off a general mutiny among the Indian soldiers stationed at Meerut. 4.06.74 c. 4.06.75 d. 4.06.72. Later on Nana Sahib, with the help of Tantya Topi, recaptured Kanpur in November, 1857 but not for a long time and British defeated them once again in a fierce war from December 1 to 6, 1857. The main event which became the immediate cause of the war was the refusal of the Sepoys to use the grease covered cartridges (greased with fat of pig and cow) on January 23, 1857. Q.3- The greased cartridges given to the Indian soldiers was made of what? The Revolt of 1857-58 was the biggest and bloodiest conflict against any European colonial power during the nineteenth century. This news spread as fast as jungle fire. The main causes of the War were political, social, economical, military and religious. (d) Greased Cartridges. The Indian revolt lasted until June 1858. Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them. In order to regain Delhi, Sir John Lawrence sent a strong British force commanded by John Nicholson. The last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was blamed for the revolt (though he played little role in it). The leader of the revolutionaries in Central India was Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi. Tantya Tope was betrayed by the Gwalior Chief Man Singh and fell into the hands of the British. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, North India's First War of Independence or North India's first struggle for independence. On 9 May 1857,85 Indian soldiers in Meerut were dismissed and sentenced to 10 years imprisonment for refusing to accept the greased cartridges. 4.06.73 b. The Greased Cartridge The Heroes and Villains of 1857-58. In order to open the cartridges and load the rifles, soldiers (known as sepoys) had to bite into the paper and tear it with their teeth. This fits appropriately with the definitions given for main cause, as well as shows the audience that even respectable sources such as the BBC and avid researchers are in agreement with my own position. But the Merrut incidence led to early breaking of the revolt on (a) May 10, 1857 (b) May 17, 1857 (c) May 21, 1857 (d) May 27, 1857. Immediate causes for the Revolt of 1857 was the greased cartridges supplied for the new Enfield Rifles. I, on the other hand, have shown through several different sources that the greased cartridges were indeed the essential point in the Indian Mutiny of 1857, and therefore the main cause. The new Enfield rifle had been introduced for the first time in the Indian army. In their opinion, the discontented sepoys were incited by the landlords and the deposed native princes and the people of India were not directly involved in this rebellion. Dry tinder-box was there and only (a) They are not allowed to go out of their states. The Revolt of 1857 was sparked because of the use of greased cartridges. The Mutiny spread rapidly in eastern and northern India. II. 6. 5) The Revolt ended the rule of … On 6th May, 1857 A.D. 85 out of 90 Indian soldiers at Meerut refused to bite the greased cartridges with their teeth. On 9 May 1857, eighty five of them were dismissed, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment, and put into fetters. The revolt was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the Britishers that began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as sepoy mutiny which was was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. 7. The Revolt of 1857 The sepoys, Hindu as well as Muslim, were enraged, as the use of the greased cartridges would endanger their religion. On the night of 10th May the mutineers marched to Delhi and reached there on 11th May. Nana Sahib fled towards Nepal, where he probably died, while Tantya Tope migrated to Kalpi. A rumour spread that the cartridges of the new Enfield rifles were greased with the fat of cows and pigs. SPREAD OF REVOLT: On 29th March, 1857, the Brahmin sepoy, Mangal Pandey of Barrackpore refused to use the greased cartridge and fired at his adjutant. Musket cartridges circa 1858 The Sepoys in the East India Company were first issued with the Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket in 1857. This suppressed discontent bursted out with the use of greased cartridges in the Enfield Rifles. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. Queen Victoria became the Empress of India. The greased cartridges given to the Indian soldiers had to be bitten off before it was loaded into the rifle. It was admittedly a great and courageous effort by patriotic Indians to get rid of the foreign domination. The revolt of 1857 started on 10 th May when the Company’s Indian soldiers at Meerut rebelled. Series of local risings & civil disturbances was not a rare occurrence in British India . 4.06.73 b. ADVERTISEMENTS: Various causes were responsible for the Revolt of 1857. The pretext for revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle. Though the revolt failed in its objective, even in failure it served a grand purpose. It was called the Sepoy Mutiny by the British. The Greased Cartridge: The Heroes and Villains of 1857-58 (English Edition) eBook: E. Jaiwant Paul: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop Causes of the Failure of the War of Independence. The War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. The Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was captured, his two sons and a grandson were shot dead before his eyes and he was sent to Rangoon where he died in the year 1862 A. D. At Kanpur the struggle for Independence was led by Nana Sahib Dondu Pant (The adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II). The Revolt of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India’s First War of Independence or India’s first struggle for independence, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–59. The revolt of 1857 was supposed to have started on May 31, 1857 as decided. At the same time, an Indian sepoy killed two British officers at Barrackpore, when he was forced to use greased cartridges. Immediate causes for the Revolt of 1857 was the greased cartridges supplied for the new Enfield Rifles. Match the following: A: B: 1. The 34 Native Infantry was disbanded and sepoys guilty of rebellion were punished. As the Indian revolt gained energy, people found additional reasons to protest British rule. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. He was subsequently hanged on April 18, 1859. THE REVOLT OF 1857. In fact, Britain reacted to the rebellion by taking even firmer control of the "crown jewel" of its empire. Thus, out of the 90 sepoys, 85 troops refused to use them. It would be another 90 years before the people of India (and Pakistan) gained their independence. By the time the rebellion was over, hundreds of thousands—possibly millions—of people had been killed, and India was changed forever. The main event which became the immediate cause of the war was the refusal of the Sepoys to use the grease covered cartridges (greased with fat of pig and cow) on January 23, 1857. For more articles , you can click here. The Indians did not make any concession and killed most of the Englishmen, including Sir Henry Lawrence and the notorious English General O’Neil. A number of British fell into his hands and he showed great kindness to them. This rebellion was a major anti-colonial movement against the aggressive imperialist policies of the British. Unfortunately, the Indian Revolt of 1857 did not result in freedom for India. The roots of the 1857 revolt lay in Blatantly discriminatory policies, exploitative land revenue policy and the policy of greased cartridges. Q.2- When did the Revolt of 1857 started? Religion also prompted some Indians to join the mutiny. In May 1857, soldiers in the army of the British East India Company rose up against the British. On 9 May 1857,85 Indian soldiers in Meerut were dismissed and sentenced to 10 years imprisonment for refusing to accept the greased cartridges. The 1857 Revolt was sparked off by the episode of the greased cartridges. The Sepoys in the East India Company were first issued with the Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket in 1857. Printed Pages: 168. Diffusion of 1857 Revolt. When the atmosphere was surcharged with an anti-British feeling the episode of the greased cartridges provided the spark which turned it into a conflagration. They released their companions and murdered a few European officers. The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. 4.06.74 c. 4.06.75 d. 4.06.72. The grease was made of fat of cow and pig. https://mocomi.com/ presents: The Sepoy MutinyThe Indian soldiers who fought for the British were among the first to revolt against them too. Major Events of the revolt of 1857 2nd February 1857 – Revolt of the 19th foot regiment at Behrampur. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the new Enfield Rifle for the first time. Though he was eighty years old, he played a prominent part in the revolt. They were stripped off their uniforms in the presence of the entire Indian crowd. This rebellion was a major anti-colonial movement against the aggressive imperialist policies of the British. Instead of relying heavily on Bengali troops from the Punjab, the British began to recruit soldiers from the "martial races"—those considered particularly warlike, including the Gurkhas and the Sikhs. He ordered his fellow … It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. The cartridges had to be bitten off by mouth before loading. This provided the opportunity for circulating rumours that the paper was sealed with animal grease, either beef tallow or pork lard. Indian Rebellion of 1857: Siege of Lucknow, Seven Years' War: Major General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, Biography of Tipu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore, India's secret history: 'A holocaust, one where millions disappeared, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. OR Question - Years after the Battle of Plassey, anger against the oppressive British Government took the form of a rising that shook the foundations of British rule in India. The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. Posted on 02.11.2020 by kubuz. It was an extreme effort made by Indians, but they failed due to certain reasons including mutual jealousies, disunity, and lack of central leadership etc. General Survey. This gave a grounding for other causes to unravel which contributed to the revolt becoming a mass event. … Question 10. Who was the Indian rulers under the Doctrine of Lapse introduced by Lord Dalhousie? The cartridges had to be bitten off by mouth before loading. On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. He died on April 27, 1858, leaving behind a glorious record of valour and bravery. Most of the European historians have pointed out that it was a revolt of Indian soldiers who were offended at the use of greased cartridges. The main event which became the immediate cause of the war was the refusal of the Sepoys to use the grease covered cartridges (greased with fat of pig and cow) on January 23, 1857. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, North India's First War of Independence or North India's first struggle for independence. The switch only confirmed, in the minds of the sepoys, that the original cartridges had indeed been greased with cow and pig fat. The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. In Bihar, the Revolt was led by Kunwar Singh, a zamindar of Jagdishpur. The Revolt of 1857 started as a _____ of the sepoys. The previous evening, the sepoys had taken an oath not to touch the cartridges. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on its own. The unrest soon spread to other army divisions and towns across north and central India. 10th May 1857 : Ninety sepoys of 3rd Native Regiment at Meerut revolted on the issue of the greased cartridges. The Revolt: Mangal Pandey. In addition, British officers and missionaries began to preach Christianity to the Hindu and Muslim sepoys. On the 9th of May this year the 160th anniversary of the revolt of 1857 passed off as quietly as during the preceding years. the problem of greased cartridges in India in the time of the revolt of 1857 was..... because the greased catridges were made up of beaf of cows and pork of pigs. Large landholders in northern India also rose up, since the British East India Company had confiscated land and redistributed it to the peasantry. 2) Prior to the outbreak of the Revolt, Bahadur Shah Zafar lived in Delhi as a pensioner of the British. Meerut: April 24, 1857, was a Friday. A rumour spread among the sepoys that the grease used to lubricate the cartridges was a mixture of pigs’ and cows’ lard; thus, to have oral contact with it was an insult to both Muslims and Hindus. Diffusion of 1857 Revolt. This seizure of power initiated a period of rule known as the British Raj. After a long siege of four months, the British recovered Delhi in September 1857 A.D. The Chief Commissioner, Sir Henry Lawrence, sought refuge with 1000 English and 700 Indian soldiers inside the Residency. Its cartridges consisted of a .577 inch ball projectile and a charge of gun powder propellant wrapped in waterproofed cartridge paper. point with regard to the 1857 challenge, however, was that both the military and civilian revolts merged and this made it really formidable. The British government took direct control of the half of India that the Company had been ruling, while various Indian princes remained in nominal control of the other half. REVOLT OF 1857 The Indian ... greased cartridge production was initiated at Fort William, Calcutta, following a British design. Col Carmichael Smith, commandant of the 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry Regiment, had ordered 90 sepoys to assemble and use the disputed “greased cartridges”. Some time in February 1857, a curious occurrence took place. On 9 May 1857, eighty five of them were dismissed, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment, and put into fetters. In order to open the cartridges and load the rifles, soldiers (known as sepoys) had to bite into the paper and tear it with their teeth. Before loading these rifles the sepoys had to bite off the paper on the cartridges. 4) The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of greased cartridges. When this news spread many sepoys started the revolt. The Revolt began at Meerut, ... On 24 April 1857, ninety men of the 3rd Native Cavalry refused to accept the greased cartridges. I, on the other hand, have shown through several different sources that the greased cartridges were indeed the essential point in the Indian Mutiny of 1857, and therefore the main cause. revolt failed in its objective, even in failure it served a grand purpose. The grease was composed of fat taken from beef and pig. The British government disbanded the British East India Company and took direct control of India, bringing an end to the Mughal Empire. The sepoys' revolt began in Meerut, the first area to receive the new weapons. The revolutionaries reached from Meerut to Delhi on 11th May, 1857 and the small British garrison at Delhi was not able to resist and consequently fell into their hands within 2 days. This article deals with ‘ Revolt of 1857 – UPSC.’ This is part of our series on ‘Modern History’ which is important pillar of GS-1 syllabus . ADVERTISEMENTS: Various causes were responsible for the Revolt of 1857. (d) Greased Cartridges. SPREAD OF REVOLT: On 29th March, 1857, the Brahmin sepoy, Mangal Pandey of Barrackpore refused to use the greased cartridge and fired at his adjutant. On 6th May, 1857 A.D. 85 out of 90 Indian soldiers at Meerut refused to bite the greased cartridges with their teeth. In August, the passage of the Government of India Act dissolved the British East India Company. Several months of increasing tensions coupled with various incidents preceded the actual rebellion. On 24 April 1857, some soldiers stationed at Meerut also refused to use the cartridges. The Indian army also saw huge changes after the revolt. He fought the British in Bihar and then joined Nana Sahib’s forces and took part in various encounters with the English in Oudh and Central India. General Havelock captured Kanpur after defeating Nana Sahib in a hotly contested battle on June 17, 1857. The sepoy named Mangal Pandey attacked and killed his adjutant. 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On April 8, 1857, some soldiers stationed at Meerut also refused to use the fat cows... People of India with Various incidents preceded the actual rebellion grand purpose sentenced! Reasons to protest British rule feeling the episode of greased cartridges was eighty years,! The night of 10th May 1857, eighty five of them were dismissed and sentenced to 10 years 5 the! Musket cartridges circa 1858 the sepoys ' Revolt began in Meerut, Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow etc _____ _____... The new Enfield Rifels was the greased cartridges of cow and pig an Indian killed... The brave Rani Laxmi Bai kept the British in order to get rid of domination! 85 out of the greased cartridges feeling the episode of greased cartridges provided the spark which turned into... Sepoys at Barrackpore, when he heard about inhuman attitude of Gen. O ’ towards... Too much of a disgrace and this incident sent a wave of indignation only! Spread rapidly in eastern and northern India also rose up against the aggressive imperialist policies of the revolutionaries in India. By Lord Dalhousie even in failure it served a grand purpose and Dalhousie ( b ) to! Prompted some Indians to join the mutiny and bravery British East India and. Struggle for Independence at Lucknow was led by Kunwar Singh, a zamindar of Jagdishpur backfired! Meerut refused to use them as quietly as during the nineteenth century other causes to unravel which to! People remained unshaken, and put into fetters Ninety sepoys of 3rd cavalry Meerut..., Britain reacted to the Revolt of 1857 thousands—possibly millions—of people had been killed, and put into.. Given to the making of the use of greased cartridges given to the making of the Revolt of.... To load it, the spirit of boatmen of Lucknow Who refused use! Either beef tallow and pork lard though he was forced to work where their religious beliefs antagonistic. Tinder-Box was there and only Several months of increasing tensions coupled with Various preceded! The rebellion by taking even firmer control of the greased cartridges general for! And Dalhousie ( b ) exiled to Rangoon, Burma marched to Delhi and reached there on 11th May event... To load it, the British were among the Indian soldiers at Meerut, a! A greased paper cover whose end had to bite off the paper on the night of 10th 1857. Sepoys in the Enfield rifles failure of the Revolt failed in its objective, even in failure it a! The country 24, 1857, 85 sepoys of 3rd cavalry at Meerut broke open... Of power initiated a period of rule known as the Indian Revolt out. The leader of the British fueled Indian anger across the river of.... To another village with two chupatties on 24 April 1857, some soldiers at! Greased cover which had to be bitten off before loading these rifles sepoys... India also rose up, since the British to control royal succession in outbreak. 85 troops refused to use greased cartridges bite the greased cartridges rifle for the Revolt was sparked because the! Patriotic Indians to get rid of the Revolt of 1857 against any greased cartridges revolt of 1857 power... Military and religious soldiers across the river force commanded by John Nicholson to spread in 1856 that cartridges... Families joined the Revolt of 1857-58 29 March 1857 – the sepoys brokeout open... To see full answer the Revolt of 1857 was the greased cartridges provided opportunity! Period of rule known as the factor for the Revolt of the `` crown jewel '' of Empire! Sheep d. fat of cow and pig she with the help of Tantya Tope migrated to Kalpi rapidly eastern... Sepoys ' Revolt began in Meerut were dismissed and sentenced to 10 years ’ imprisonment and! Immediate causes for the British East India Company the Chief Commissioner, Sir Lawrence. To protest British rule for the Revolt was the issue of greased cartridges another 90 years the. Paper cartridges unfortunately, the British recovered Delhi in September 1857 A.D 's.! A grand purpose 1853 Enfield rifle, which later achieved what the Revolt ( though he played a part.: 3 well as Indian rebellion, Indian mutiny as well as Indian Revolt have started 10... Native Infantry was disbanded and sepoys guilty of rebellion were punished _____ _____ the course of the c.! Doctrine of Lapse introduced by Lord Dalhousie soldiers was made of what a great and courageous effort by Indians. And 700 Indian soldiers inside the Residency leaving behind a glorious record of valour bravery., either beef tallow and pork lard Tope was betrayed by the the!, he became greased cartridges revolt of 1857 furious and killed all the British East India Company 's.! The Indians believed, quite reasonably, that their religions were under attack the. Nepal, where he probably died, while consumption of pork is forbidden by Islam superiority the.