Home » Public » People » Philosophy » What is the Difference Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism. Immanuel Kant, the ethics systems celebrated proponent, formulated the most influential form of a secular deontological moral theory in 1788. However, for the Kantian theory, it is believed that human reason is the only pure good, and they disregard the consequences. Coming from Engineering cum Human Resource Development background, has over 10 years experience in content developmet and management. What is the Difference Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism       – Comparison of Key Differences, Ethics, Morals, Kantianism, Utilitarianism, Theories, Philosophy. Consequences of those actions are not taken into consideration. We do not, and may never, know just what particular rules would maximize expected aggregate utility, and the relevant Kantian perspective is not a fully determinate decision procedure. Accordingly, Kantianism is considered the opposite philosophy of Utilitarianism. Thus, this theory is identified as encouraging the compromise of individual interest while also focusing on promoting a greater sense of common good in society. Kantianism and Utilitarianism are ethical philosophies that give moral guidance to individual actions and decisions. Accordingly, the main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory. These are associated with morality. Act utilitarianism is right only if the result of good is just as much or more than any other available substitute. Moreover, there are two branches on utilitarianism as an act and rule utilitarianism. They both give us fundamental and universal theories pertaining to morality. Level: Grade: A. The worth of any human action depends upon its utility or value. Utilitarianism is a consaquentalist theory which states that the morality is based upon the outcome whereas kant bases his theory on the intention (duty) kant disregards emotion , wheras Peter singer would claim that preference which are a part of emotion play a big part of morality decision making etc “Kantian Ethics. • Utilitarianism says that an act is justified if maximum numbers of people are deriving happiness out of … 6. Kant discusses that the mentioned human reason should be devoid of the influence of desires or emotions. Deontology v. Utilitarianism: Deontology is an argument for moral principles that are found using reason and was best articulated by Immanuel Kant. 451). Aristotle’s approach is agent-centered in that it focuses on the development of the individual, which in turn, benefits society as a whole. Both are ethical philosophies that focus on describing the morality of an action or a decision. Pecorino, Philip A. Our next stop in our tour of the ethical lay of the land is utilitarianism. 2009, Available here. • Attitude towards what is right or wrong is what constitutes the basic difference between utilitarianism and Kantianism. And that an act is justified if the end result is happiness for all. “John Stuart Mill by London Stereoscopic Company, c1870” By London Stereoscopic Company – Hulton Archive (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. I will be focusing on just two of the theories that we’ve covered: the Kantian perspective and the Utilitarian perspective. Utilitarianism is considered one of the most powerful approaches to normative ethics in philosophy. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory. There is hardly any similarity between utilitarianism and Kantianism. However, these two philosophies take on different standpoints on ethics. However, under utilitarianism, lying is OK if it brings pleasure and happiness to most of the people. Utilitarianism requires too much concentration on individual aspects of what the greatest happiness is and basing moral standards around them. • Modern democracies are all about utilitarianism as they aim to bring the greatest amount of happiness to the greatest number of people. The Categorical imperative is an expression of the moral law. Length: 4 / 1052. One principle lies at the heart of both utilitarianism and absolutism. This is a philosophy put forward by Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher who was born in Prussia. This ethics system is intended to be precise and by the book. Moreover, utilitarianism considers the ethical good of a decision or action by locating its moral goodness in the feelings of humans in order to generate greater happiness and pleasure on the majority. Also, this theory was developed as a result of an attempt to direct the lawmakers of England to consider the common good rather than the welfare of their social class when formulating laws. Thus, he described that a person will be engaging in morally good decisions/actions when he is guided and motivated only by goodwill and duty. Kant stated that a universal law should provide the basis for each act, and that the intention was of more importance than the result. Both Kantianism and utilitarianism are ethical theories that express the ethical standard of an action. Utilitarianism is that the goodness or rightness of an ethic in question, depends on the desirability of its consequences. 451). However, according to utilitarianism, an action is considered moral and good if it results in providing greater happiness for others, regardless of its intention; hence an action is measured by its consequences. “Chapter 8: Ethics; UTILITARIANISM .” What Is Philosophy?, Available here. While there are many approaches to ethics in the west, here we will look at three distinct theories. This simply means that the end justifies means. What is Utilitarianism      – Definition, Theory, Characteristics 3. There are two classical types of utilitarianism, which are act and rule utilitarianism. Utilitarianism has its benefits but requires much more effort to do than Kant’s ethics. Show More. On the contrary, utilitarianism states that a good ethical decision is gauged by the amount of pleasure that the act Moreover, Kantianism is postulated by Immanuel Kant while Utilitarianism is postulated by Jeremy Bentham, John Sturt Mill, Henry Sidgwick, et al. In this regard, the consequences of actions are unimportant as free from special pleading good will leads to well reasoning only. Simply because you are a human, you have worth in and of yourself. However, these two diverge in their focus. There are many similarities between utilitarianism and Kantianism that confuse some people. Driver, Julia. • Utilitarianism says that an act is justified if maximum numbers of people are deriving happiness out of it. Likewise, Kant described two fundamental questions to consider when one is doing any action: The main reason for Kant to not consider the consequences of actions when determining its morality is that he believed that actions such as theft, lying, murder, crimes etc. Utilitarianism vs Deontology . Thus, a believer of utilitarianism would say that the outcomes of an action that is deemed morally right would be good. Pages: 9 (2021 words) Hence, this theory belongs to deontological moral theories. Kant described that duty, goodwill, and moral worth are vital to determine the morality of an action. What is the Difference Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism, What are the Similarities Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism, What is the Difference Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism. • Lying is universally wrong and thus it is wrong in Kantianism too. Kantianism … This is a philosophy that believes that consequences of an action are responsible for people judging that action as morally right or wrong. I believe the lives of all are valuable but generally speaking, the loss of … DEONTOLOGY vs UTILITARIANISM The theory of deontology is derived from the writings of German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Talking about this part, we have to pay some attention to core values of two analyzed ethics approaches. 1761 Words 8 Pages. Please enable Javascript and refresh the page to continue Moreover, he further explained that humans, being rational beings, should use their reasoning ability or rational thinking when making ethical decisions. This philosophy focuses on duty which is why it is termed deontological that comes from Greek obligation or duty. Utilitarianism is based on the principle of utility, which emphasizes on the idea of being more useful and beneficial for a majority. Thus, this is the fundamental difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism. The theory says that people choose actions that help in maximizing happiness and at the same time remove misery, pain and agony. What are the Similarities Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism      – Outline of Common Features 4. According to Kantianism, action should be motivated by goodwill and duty and the morality of an action is not measured by its consequences. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological theory while utilitarianism is a teleological theory. “947574” (CC0) via Pixabay. Mill is one of the philosophers who described the moral theory of utilitarianism, an ethical view that can help an individual in making decisions. Kant vs. Utilitarianism One of the best ways to understand an ethical theory is to understand an opposing theory… The underlying idea behind Kantian ethics is that each human being has inherent worth. The main difference between virtue ethics utilitarianism is that virtue ethics focuses on the person carrying out an action, whereas utilitarianism focuses on the consequences of the action.. Virtue ethics and utilitarianism are moral and ethical theories that have the ability to determine the rightness or wrongness of an action. Difference Between Positivism and Realism, What is the Difference Between Chia and Basil Seeds, What is the Difference Between Soy and Paraffin Wax, What is the Difference Between Red and White Miso, What is the Difference Between Bamboo and Cotton Sheets, What is the Difference Between Nylon and Polyester Carpet, What is the Difference Between Running Shoes and Gym Shoes, Kantianism and Utilitarianism were introduced during the 18. In my opinion, both Mill’s utilitarianism theory and Kant’s theory of deontology can be superior depending on the situation. Whatever we do inside our obligations is morally good. 1. Those who are not students of philosophy, words like utilitarianism and Kantianism may sound alien, but for those who try to tackle questions of ethics and wisdom, these two represent important viewpoints. “Immanuel Kant 3” By “Masters of Achievement” text (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia2. Unlike religious deontological … The theories also differ when you begin to look at Kant's second categorical imperative, which states that one should treat humanity always as an end and never as a means only. What is Kantianism      – Definition, Theory, Characteristics  2. Kantianism vs Utilitarianism • Attitude towards what is right or wrong is what constitutes the basic difference between utilitarianism and Kantianism. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Vleeschauwer, Herman Jean de. Essay Details: Subject: Philosophy. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } However, there are important differences between the two philosophies that will be outlined in this article. There are two classical types of utilitarianism, which are act and rule utilitarianism. Both Kantianism and utilitarianism are ethical theories that express the ethical standard of an action. 3. The foundation of Kant’s moral philosophy lies on deontology, or the logic of duty, in opposition to utilitarianism, which favors useful acts over dutiful ones. Emmanuel Kant, advocating absolutism, and John Stuart Mill, who supports utilitarianism, represent two of the most prominent theories. Utilitarianism states that what makes an action right is that it produces the greatest amount of happiness (not just your happiness, but others as well). have to be prohibited even though sometimes such actions will also result in more happiness than other alternatives. Though people tend to consider the two terms Utilitarianism and Deontology as similar, there are certain differences between the two terms. 2. All rights reserved. In fact, they are two different schools of thought regarding morality. Accordingly, even if the intention of the action/decision is not moral, if that particular action results in providing greater happiness for others, then it is ethical and morally right under utilitarianism. 1. The believers of this philosophy take the position that the morality of an action is dependent upon whether the individual has adhered to the rules or not. Heather Wilburn. Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), utilitarianism is, “a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned” (pp. The Utilitarianism is driven by the intention to reach some outcome, which will be displayed by beneficial consequences to the largest number of people: happiness, pleasure, profits etc. Deontological ethics is an ethics system that judges whether an action is right or wrong based on a moral code. Those who are followers of Kantianism say that this approach does not take into account the good of the minorities. 37 An Introduction to Western Ethical Thought: Aristotle, Kant, Utilitarianism . Kant’s Groundworks of the Metaphysics of Morals and Mill’s Utilitarianism present morality from two vastly different perspectives. that emphasizes that the morality of an action/decision as determined by its consequences. This chapter compares and contrasts rule-utilitarian and Kantian thinking about what moral rules should be accepted and what exceptions they should allow. Kantianism is a moral philosophy introduced by Immanuel Kant that emphasizes that morality of an action/decision is not determined by its consequences but by the motivation of the doer whereas Utilitarianism is a moral philosophy introduced by Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Henry Sidgwick, etc. Thus, under utilitarianism, the morally correct decision/action is what produces greater pleasure or happiness for the doer as well as for others. However, these two philosophies take on different standpoints on ethics. • On the other hand, Kantianism says that the end does not justify means. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory. Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), utilitarianism is, “a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned” (pp. More importantly, he emphasized that duty should be the fundamental aspect one should consider when doing an action. Doing the right thing means to follow proper rules of behavior and, by doing so, promoting fairness and equality. Utilitarianism makes ethical decisions based on the results that the action will cause. Utilitarianism is an ethical philosophy introduced by pioneering figures such as Jeremy Bentham (introduced the classical utilitarianism), John Stuart Mill, Henry Sidgwick, and G.E Moore. “Kantianism.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Sept. 2018, Available here. Essay text: He names this moral action a ‘duty.’ Kant also believes that in determining the moral worth of an action, we need to look at the maxim by which it was performed. Both Kant and Mill provide noble visions of morality, and center their thoughts on respectable principles that focus the rest of their works. Kantianism … Immanuel Kant is a firm believer that every person has…show more content… Utilitarian’s believe that under certain circumstances an abortion could be justified. In regards to Mill, there are situations where sometimes quantity overrules. Kant Vs Utilitarian Theory 1111 Words | 5 Pages According to Kant, a purely good act is performed due to the person’s obligation to the categorical imperative. Therefore, it is the consequences of these actions that should be considered when determining the morality of the actions. “The History of Utilitarianism.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stanford University, 27 Mar. According to him, the morality of an action is not based on its consequences. The imperative is the correct, right, or good action taken in a particular situation. Deontology or deontological theories are those that focus on ethics involving responsibility, moral duty, and commitment. Kant believed that good will was the only thing truly good that could be used to determine a person’s morality. “Kantianism > Utilitarianism.” Postcolonial Studies, Curbside Consult, Available here. Difference Between Ethnic Cleansing and Genocide, Difference Between First Name and Last Name, Difference Between Libertarian and Anarchist, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Marginal Costing and Differential Costing, Difference Between N Glycosylation and O Glycosylation, Difference Between Epoxy and Fiberglass Resin, Difference Between Baricitinib Tofacitinib and Upadacitinib, Difference Between Galvanizing and Tinning. Upen, BA (Honours) in Languages and Linguistics, has academic experiences and knowledge on international relations and politics. Her academic interests are English language, European and Oriental Languages, Internal Affairs and International Politics, and Psychology. Utilitarianism Vs Kant. Kantianism is the ethical theory put forward by the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) in the 18th century. The ethical systems of Kant and Mill: A comparison and contrast Ricardo Renta Pages: 9 (2158 words) Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism Pages: 4 (894 words) Kants Ethics vs Utilitarianism Pages: 3 (686 words) The Ethics of Abortion: Utilitarianism, Buddhism & Kant. 5. On the other hand, Kant’s duty ethics is concerned only by acts and their motives. utilitarianism have made clear,22 any possible utilitarianism is some combination of (i) a doctrine of the end-state to be realized, that is, a condition or state of affairs deemed to have Kant postulated this theory to give ethical guidelines to people when making ethical decisions or actions. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. In other words, if more people benefit from a particular action or decision, then it is considered ethical. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. • If we do not talk about means, both utilitarianism as well as Kantianism seek good results in life for people. Utilitarianism sometimes involves the sacrifice of an individual’s happiness or life in order to promote the greatest amount of happiness and the least amount of misery (Bennett 71). Hence, this philosophy is based on the principle of hedonism and consequentialism, which means the right action is defined entirely in terms of the consequences produced. 2016, Available here. Unlike Utilitarianism, Kant's ethical system represents a universal categorical imperative rule of ethics. Title: Kant Vs. Utilitarianism. 4. From a utilitarian perspective, it is moral to kill one person to save five because five lives are worth more than one, generally speaking. Author: Jessica F. Date: December 8, 2015. It is easier to determine an action as morally right in Kantian ethics than in utilitarian ethics. 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