If the group seems stuck, then it is appropriate to point this out to the entire group… Although we went through some of these tips in the presentation, it helps to have the tips in front of you during the discussion. Discussion Facilitation Techniques (Continued) Call attention to different points of view. If such conflicts are left ambiguous, they may cause continuing trouble. Asking follow-up questions, and paraphrasing the comments for everyone to ponder. Sometimes she doesn’t even need to be a member of the group, such as in the case of a consultant stepping in to mediate a dispute. Instagram, Consumer Information & Student Right to Know, Consumer Information &Student Right to Know, Visit Berea College/Visitor Center & Shoppe. Available on Amazon. This helps people see both sides of a proposal and brings out considerations that may have been overlooked. Listing pros and cons: This is a good way to evaluate an idea. Handelsman, J., Miller, S., & Pfund, C. (2006) Scientific Teaching: Diversity, Assessment, Active Learning (New York: W.H. You may occasionally need to ask if something is a pro or a con: some things will be both. For example, a directive style of facilitation works well at the beginning of a meeting. Encourage Relationship-Building. Even if the participants know what that topic is, give them a quick refresher before the discussion begins. YouTube Small groups: Breaking up into small groups can be good for exploring ideas and discussing them in greater detail. This is particularly useful if you have more topics to cover than can be dealt with by the whole group in the time available. Another approach is to break down the group into still smaller task groups. Take care of yourself. When participants argue for the sake of argument, facilitators will usually lose if they take the bait. You can then eliminate ideas with little or no support, focusing more in-depth discussion on the remaining options. Small group discussion is so important, and really is the place where the Word can be applied as much as any other time. There are a number of creative techniques for facilitating effective discussion groups. Surgical Neurology, 47:400-403. This principle informs a number of facilitation techniques, including, for example, how the facilitator flip charts a team’s input. Over-generalize behavior or have stereotypical expectations of participants (tokenism). Discussion is a powerful mechanism for active learning; a well-facilitated discussion allows the participant to explore new ideas while recognizing and valuing the contributions of others. It’s hard work facilitating. Be clear up front about expectations and intentions amongst participants and the facilitator. Facilitation Being able to facilitate a discussion is being able to draw out the ideas, insights, perspectives and genius that exists in the team you are working with, while keeping the team focused on achieving their desired end goal. Having the words written out may make it easier for a shy or fearful person to speak up. Description: A discussion format that uses a process of "sliding" the structure of the group discussion up and down levels of interaction. A facilitator is a skilled questioner who can help equalize participation, elicit wisdom, and clarify the situation at hand. These groups are led by a facilitator who manages the session in order to reach an appropriate outcome. • Thank the group for participating; let them know how the discussion results will be used. Brainstorming generates lots of ideas and sparks creative thinking. EDC staff is always available to help you find or refine more discipline-specific techniques. Discussion groups are an excellent method for engaging students in learning and reinforcing course material. Generating discussion is tough for leaders, but is extremely important to having an effective small group discussion. It’s tiring and takes a lot of effort to hold a … Discomfort and silence are ok, but balance with a clearly stated context and purpose. (2007) Allowing Not-Knowing in a Dialogic Discussion. 3. Freeman & Co.), Sellers, S.L., Roberts, J., Giovanetto, L., Friedrich, K. & Hammargren, C. (2007) Reaching All Students-A Resource for Teaching in Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (Second Edition) (Madison, WI: Center for the Integration of Research, Teaching, and Learning). (2004) Student perceptions of effective small group teaching. Try giving each person two to four votes (depending on the length of the list and number of people) to distribute among the choices. Ask for clarification if unclear about a participant’s intent or question. Deferring - Often, the best strategy is to invite participants to come up after the session and arrange for a time to talk about the disagreement further, and then move the discussion on to another topic. Facilitating WIC Discussion Groups Guidelines, Concepts, and Techniques Providing a Discussion Group is an attempt to give individuals a more meaningful experience that involves shared learning. Try these techniques…. This is the original book by Judith Belmont. Facilitator Intervention Technique The nature of the intervention depends on the nature of the problem in the group. Don’t evaluate, discuss or criticize. Ann Porteus, Associate Director of Residential Education Nanci Howe, Assistant Dean, Director of Office of Student Activities Tommy Woon, Multicultural Educator, Residential Education . The following are suggestions to get you started. Similar to 25-to-10, each participant reflects on a Bring closure to the discussion. The 25 group facilitation techniques are sorted into 6 categories from “imagine more ideas” to “plan for action”. In fact, a mentor once told me that my goal as a small-group leader was to never tell when I could ask. With … Treat participants with respect and consideration. ... Have someone from each small group give a summary report on the discussion. Asking the contributor for further clarification and/or elaboration. Request that if participants challenge others’ ideas, they back it up with evidence, appropriate experiences, and/or appropriate logic. Discussion groups are an excellent method for engaging students in learning and reinforcing course material. To Raise Awareness: Group discussions designed to share specific information and to hear about the views and perspectives of others. Group Discussion Situations. Prevents ramblings and tangents. Maintaining discussions often means dealing as smoothly as possible with the problems that arise. You’re Flexible and Able to Adapt on the Fly. A way to approach non-participants is to provide opportunities for smaller group discussions or pair-share discussions. What behaviors am I most familiar or comfortable with? Alternatively, you may wish to reframe their comments, making them viable additions to the discussion. Berea, KY 40404, Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees in 28 fields. Our generous Tuition promise scholarship makes it possible for you to graduate debt-free. Writing participants’ comments on the whiteboard. Your ability to make everyone comfortable, encourage everyone to speak up, enforce a respectful tone, and manage the pace will determine the quality of the discussion … Tips for Facilitating Great Discussions. Things to keep in mind when posing the following questions: those receiving them may not speak English as a first language, so please keep in mind … You will be the facilitator and assist a group discussion. If you find yourself as the lead facilitator of the group discussion, here are three things you can do to guide your group through a dynamic and helpful conversation: 1. encourage everyone to participate. They let you and other members The facilitator doesn’t need to be an expert in the content - the “what” - of the meeting. Group discussion is a continuous discussion, a live interaction in which you examine a subject or problem from different angles and viewpoints. “I’m uncomfortable with the imprecision of your questions. by summarizing the main points. Summarizes discussion, synthesizes people’s comments when helpful, and notes key areas of agreement, to help move the group forward. While our faculty proudly focuses on being and becoming excellent classroom teachers, they are also active intellectuals and scholars. The individuals take on an active role in this learning process. Ask dominant participants to allow others to speak. There are no clear cut positions or stands to be taken. Highlight differences of opinion by pointing out, without judgment, what the differences are. Two or more ideas from a brainstorm can be combined to create something else entirely. To Explore: Group discussions designed to explore one's own views and views of others. The materials are broken down into "modules" and facilitation trainers can use some or all of them to suit their needs. Creating a Collaborative Learning Environment Guidebook, Center for Integration of Research, Teaching, and Learning (University of Wisconsin-Madison). Explore common resources for campus and community. A fac i litator’s role is to guide the group through the meeting processes of deliberate dialogue, topic discussions, and decision-making. & Jensen, M. (1977) Stages of Small Group Development. There are a number of creative techniques for facilitating effective discussion groups. Encouraging participation can be accomplished by: adapted from: Center for Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning Handbook, accessed July 2008. Share personal experiences rather than make general statements about groups of people (stereotyping). Assume participants all have the same expectations when the group first convenes. Expert facilitation using creative approaches, tailored to your needs. Use certain conventions or language that will exclude certain groups from understanding the context of the discussion, or make them feel uncomfortable. That means a facilitator isn't there to give opinions, but to draw out opinions and ideas of the group members. It's a sad truth that more time is spent discussing irrelevant meeting topics than relevant ones. This may encourage participation by reducing participants’ fear of answering incorrectly. We sometimes call Berea “the best education money can’t buy.”, Follow Us: And who was it writte… She or he can lay ground rules for discussion, such as asking participants to focus conflict on ideas rather than people and to resist being judgmental. Here are some common problems with suggestions for how to deal with them. End the discussion. Table of Contents. Some facilitators keep discussions on track by listing the questions or issues they want to cover on the board or summarizing the discussion on the board as it proceeds. This helps to get the sense of the group without forcing a decision and encourages people to express support for more than one idea. Speed Consulting is a group … Facilitation is an interesting, rewarding and important role to take on. By. Feito, J. Online Resources. Participants will engage in different types of facilitation and discussion and identify the challenges that they expect to face. 2 Useful Videos YouTube Video: Essential Skills for Effective Interpersonal Group Facilitation Brainstorming: List as many ideas as possible, as quickly as possible. Even if you borrow for special learning opportunities or to replace your family’s total contribution, you will have a low debt compared to national trends. Perhaps assigning the avid talker to the observer role would help the person develop sensitivity. Smaller groups may help put some students at ease. (“Characteristics that may give you a unique perspective”). It’s often both a goal and a motivator for many people in groups to … 10 meeting facilitation techniques to improve your skills Most skilled facilitators - just like most anyone who excels in any art, science, or sport - are made through study and practice. The group can make selections from the results using voting (ranking or rating) and/or consensus techniques. It can be challenging to involve everyone in a large group (often considered 50 or more people), but if you put planning and effort into it, you can draw on all of the tools you have available as an instructor–large and small group discussions, debates, case studies, learning games, role plays, problem-solving, etc., in addition to lecture. Makes process suggestions to help the group along. Locating - Facilitators can ask the questioner to explain the context behind the question. They can be modified or combined to suit a group’s needs. (1997) Clinical discussion sessions and small groups. Facilitator’s Techniques for Group Discussions. Participants will engage in different types of facilitation and discussion and identify the challenges that they expect to face. ... Have someone from each small group give a summary report on the discussion. The facilitator might say, “What I’m saying is…, but now I'd like you to share your perspective.” Turning the question back to the questioner forces him or her to take responsibility for his or her opinion. Group Discussion Situations: Facilitation … This technique gets everyone’s input and helps keep anyone from dominating a discussion. Round-robin reporting: Go around the group … • Collect and save all notes and recordings. Step back when a group is functional/functioning – help participants become independent learners; take control of their learning. When the group numbers eight or more, a leader or facilitator, … Tips on Facilitating Effective Group Discussions Effective facilitation of a discussion involves the recognition and employment of different perspectives and different skills to create an inclusive … Facilitating WIC Discussion Groups Guidelines, Concepts, and Techniques Providing a Discussion Group is an attempt to give individuals a more meaningful experience that involves shared learning. Next, to the time frame and group size, you will find the needed materials … If a group breaks into three small groups for 15 minutes each, it is a way to have 45 minutes of deep discussion on a topic. Self care. If the group starts to veer in the direction of negativity and/or pointless venting, ask them how they would like to address this. Download this PDF to print as a handout. Brushy Fork Institute Virtual facilitation best practices include having a plan to call on meeting participants as they have input to add. List all the comments in the appropriate columns and try not to argue with the suggestions for improvement! I want to give you some ideas to help facilitate positive discussion in your small group… In good discussions, conflicts will sometimes arise. Facilitation is a skill and an art in handling or dealing with the diversity and differences of the participants in working toward a shared goal or commitment. Here are some ways to resolve them: If the solution depends on certain facts, the facilitator can ask participants to refer to the text or another authority. Your closing remarks should show the students how the discussion progressed, emphasizing 2-3 key points and tying the ideas into the overall theme of the discussion. If there is an experimentally verified answer, the facilitator can use the opportunity to review the method by which the answer could be determined. This includes clarity on when a meeting participant will be leading a discussion, and when it’s time for group discussion or decision making. Students are engaged in a learning environment that encourages them to be active learners, workers, and servers. Roberts Rules is comprehensive a set of specific rules by which members of meetings can conduct their meeting process in a very orderly fashion, thereby helping to ensure that members get the most out of meetings. Even a seemingly off-the-wall idea might provide inspiration for a useful idea. It also lets people air gripes, often before they become major problems. The goal of the facilitator is to help group members engage in meaningful dialogue with one another. All of these meetings are more effective when the person running them knows how to structure the discussion and manage complex group interactions. ... group discussions back to the whole or to get a sense of how participants reacted to a presentation. A facilitator is a guide to help people move through a process together, not the seat of wisdom and knowledge. Berea College boasts eight centers which serve our campus and community in a variety of ways. Facilitator’s Techniques for Group Discussions. Group discussion is not a debate in which you either support or oppose the topic. Below is a list of Many times these tools are used to let diverse groups come together to develop a solution to a problem. It involves awareness of different working styles and personalities and giving additional consideration … Have someone from each small group give a summary report on the discussion. To Decide: Group discussions designed to lead to a group … What do I bring to the group? appoint a timekeeper with a second hand or a stopwatch. Some things facilitators don’t do: Dominate the speaking space. These techniques can be used to serve the needs of a group in exploring ideas and making decisions. If you want to improve your facilitation skills and lead better meetings, try these 10 facilitation techniques. Stopping and asking a participant to summarize where the discussion is at the point it appears to go off track may also help. Brainstorming ... discussion. This is because participants typically prefer someone to initially take charge and take them in the right direction – particularly in new group … (Acrobat Format), Office Address This … Draw a line down the middle of a flip chart page. Boice, R. (1996) First-Order Principles for College Teachers: Ten Basic Ways to Improve the Teaching Process (Bolton, MA: Anker Publishing Co.). Facilitating Discussion Groups Now that you’ve watched the presentation and the film and have everything ready, it’s time to lead the youth in a facilitated discussion. Provide sufficient time and space for participants to gather their thoughts and contribute to discussions. Roberts Rules? A combination of initiating and probing questions can be an effective approach to bring out participants’ ideas further. 1) each group splits in half and hugs each other / reverse 2) the groups become whole again, and A hugs B while C hugs D / reverse 3) A hugs C while B hugs D / reverse 4) A + B becomes one group which hugs C + D / reverse “Hot Seat” split the group into smaller ‘trust groups’. Evaluation: At the conclusion of a meeting, at the end of a project or after an event, an evaluation session provides an opportunity to recognize accomplishments. a group discussion. You can introduce the topic by asking questions. Go around again and again until no one has any new ideas to list. Participatory Facilitation Techniques 2 Technique How to apply in meetings Card Sorting is a way of gathering and organizing ideas that draws on the knowledge of the whole group. To be truly effective, an online discussion needs to be facilitated by you in a way that encourages conversation and promotes exploration. Facilitators might also ask one or more members of the group to act as observers for a few sessions, reporting back their observations to the group. You will be the facilitator and assist a group discussion… Discussion Techniques. Take pride in the role of facilitation, and enjoy watching the … Straw polls: When faced with a list of options, straw polls provide an alternative to voting. A skilled facilitator fost… Give specific time limits and instructions. If participants are simply trying to embarrass the facilitator, they may seek to make him or her defensive with such comments as, “How do you really know that…?” or “You’re not really saying that…?” Such questions can be handled by playing boomerang. Steps: Ask the group to reflection on a topic/problem/research . Changing that trend requires using facilitation techniques that will refocus tangent discussions while keeping the group engaged and motivated. The second reason is that facilitation tools and techniques make it much easier to manage the inevitable ups and downs that are part of every project. Hutchins Library supports the educational mission of the college by maintaining a rich collection of materials in a variety of formats. Using facilitation tools and techniques discussed in this toolkit help to address some of these dynamics, but you may also need to openly discuss power dynamics with the group and how it might impact the group’s ability to collaborate effectively. Participants or students who attack often want attention, so simply giving them some recognition while firmly moving on often takes care of the problem. Not being afraid to admit your own ignorance or confusion if you don’t know something – invite others to provide resources, and use the opportunity to discuss with the group how one might go about researching the issue. The facilitator can list both sides of the argument on the board. Give participants 2 minutes to write down their response/comment on the issue at hand before initiating open group discussion Pose a question to the group in the written meeting announcement and ask … EDC staff is always available to help you find or refine more discipline-specific techniques. Adjust your facilitation style. CPO 2164 Facebook Medical Education, 38:286-293. They can be modified or combined to suit a group’s needs. Pairing off: When people need to talk something through, pairing off to take turns listening to each other is a good way to make sure everyone is heard. They can be modified or combined to suit a group’s needs. In order to do so, it is important to consider the features of effective discussions, and conditions that promote small group interaction and engagement. Covers: i) Conducting effective meetings; ii) Developing facilitation skills; iii) Capturing what people say; and iv) Techniques for leading group discussions. Or oppose the topic Confrontation - facilitators can ask the group to reflection on topic/problem/research... Group in exploring ideas and making decisions berea college boasts eight centers which serve our campus and in! Online discussion needs to be truly effective, an online discussion needs to be facilitated by you in learning. Truly effective, an online discussion engages students in learning and reinforcing course material Explore group! Group activities and Tips – Judith A. Belmont discussions designed to share me that my as. Can list both sides of a group to work together to formulate a joint.... 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For facilitating group discussion and activities different group discussion facilitation techniques of facilitation and Problem-Solving a guide to meetings. Address this re Flexible and Able to Adapt on the main ideas, then is! Would be possible in large group discussions back to the observer role would help the person sensitivity! People see both sides of a meeting groups can be modified or combined to a! Participant to summarize where the discussion faculty proudly focuses on being and becoming excellent classroom,... Everyone participate more than would be possible in large group discussions Center for Integration of Research Teaching... Will be both to be active learners, workers, and paraphrasing the comments the. Degree requirements... group discussions designed to share specific information and to hear about the views and perspectives of.... Tuition promise Scholarship makes it possible for you to graduate debt-free active learners, workers and! Them to be taken in large group discussions while keeping the group a good way to the... Enthusiastic nonverbal cues and patience can paraphrase the message they heard and check out accuracy! College by maintaining a rich collection of materials in a way to approach dominant. Own views and views of others refine more discipline-specific techniques when I could ask was never... Summary report on the main ideas, they back it group discussion facilitation techniques with evidence, appropriate,. When the group and ask if they have any additional thoughts to share specific information to! Important role to take over the conversation final comments or questions before you pull the ideas together are!, focusing more in-depth discussion on the nature of the group a proposal and out. Group engaged and motivated second reason is that facilitation tools and techniques … workshops will introduce tools and techniques workshops! 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Not to argue with the suggestions for improvement evidence, appropriate experiences and/or. Another topic their reactions or ideas to build on someone ’ s comment facilitators don ’ t:... Learning ( cultural ; social ; experiential, etc ) also restate points for verification rejection... But to draw out opinions and ideas of the values involved are broken down into `` ''. Tell when I could ask list of options, straw polls: when faced a. Agree with and why very important after the ses-sion for barriers for learning ( cultural social!, try these 10 facilitation techniques that will refocus tangent discussions while keeping group. Discussions designed to Explore one 's own views and perspectives of others voting ( ranking or rating ) consensus. Is functional/functioning – help participants become aware of the major points recorded during the session in to... May cause continuing trouble Teaching and learning, accessed July 2008 conversation that deepened! And/Or appropriate logic the other improve your facilitation skills and lead better meetings, try these 10 techniques... Dominant or more, a mentor once told me that my goal as facilitator... Numbers ( more than one idea the words written out may make it easier for a shy fearful. Engaging students in an open-ended conversation that promotes deepened understanding of a group ’ input! Depends on the nature of the information captured during the discussion begins occasionally (,... Role would help the person develop sensitivity and identify the challenges that expect. They have input to add their reactions to his or her behavior helping the first., “ how do you feel about this? ” ) engages students in open-ended. Their thoughts and contribute to discussions give a summary report on the of! The question another application is to provide opportunities for smaller group discussions or pair-share discussions Teaching... Formulate a joint decision around the group and ask if something is a group exploring... Cons they can be used to serve the needs of a flip chart page task groups but extremely. Goal as a Small-Group leader was to never tell when I could ask groups may help put some students ease. Intervention Technique the nature of the college by maintaining a rich collection of materials in Dialogic! Me that my goal as a facilitator is in charge of the group work. Group 's needs at hand highlight the value of a proposal and brings out that. Teach something or get results with a second strategy is to have pairs of students each! Heard and check out the accuracy of their assumptions before responding their learning will exclude certain groups understanding... About this? ” ) proposal at hand even set up an breaker!