Cainan, Kenan, an antediluvian, Hebrew: קֵינָן, qênān (H7018) 6 King James Bible Verses. Cainan is omitted from all of the following ancient versions of the Old Testament: the Samaritan Pentateuch, the Syriac, the Targum (Aramaic translations of the Old Testament), and the Vulgate (a Latin translation of the Bible completed sometime between. Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy. Lyons, Eric (2007), “Inspired Writers and Competent Copyists,” [On-line], URL: http://apologeticspress.org/articles/608. From the verb קנן (qanan), to weave into dynamic networks. Many are quick to point out that the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament) mentions the name Cainan, and thus verifies that he was the son of Arphaxad, just as Luke 3:36 indicates. As Henry Morris concluded in his commentary on Genesis: “[I] t is altogether possible that later copiers of the Septuagint (who were not as meticulous as those who copied the Hebrew text) inserted Cainan into their manuscripts on the basis of certain copies of Luke’s Gospel to which they then had access” (Morris, 1976, p. 282). Here are Cainan, Kenan and related words in the Bible. Cainan (possessor) Son of Enos, aged 70 years when he begat Mahalaleel his son. The controversy surrounding Luke 3:36 is readily explainable when one considers the flexibility that the ancients employed in recording the names of “fathers” and “sons.”. existence of such an error merely reinforces how God has preserved His Word Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech, Luke 3:37 | View whole chapter | See verse in context Which was the son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enoch, which was the son of Jared, which was the son of Maleleel, which was the son of Cainan , 125-140. They went forth from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan. We’ll send you a new verse every day to download or share. He is also mentioned in the Genealogy of Jesus in Luke 3:36-37. Two men named Cainan are mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus given in Luke 3 in the New Testament. Cainan. 2542. l 2211 𝔪 … Below are the English definition details. Postdiluvian Cainan Main article: Cainan. 39-40; Morris, 1976, p. 282). Cainan (i.e., Kenan), the name of two patriarchs Greek: Καϊνάν, kainan (G2536) 2 King James Bible Verses. Jacob once called Abraham “father,” even though Abraham was really his grandfather (Genesis 32:9). Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech, KJV, ASV, DARBY, YLT, AMP, LEB, HCSB, WEB, WNT, BBE, EMB, ISV, NET, WBS, NASB 1 The same as Kenan Kenan, in the Bible, son of Enos. The fact is, terms such as “begot,” “the son of,” and “father”—which often are found in genealogies—occasionally have a much wider connotation in the Bible than might be implied when such words are used in modern-day English. the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, A. The problem with this line of defense is that the oldest Septuagint manuscripts do not include this reference to Cainan (Sarfati, 1998, p. 40). CAINAN [SMITH] (possessor) Son of Enos, aged 70 years when he begat Mahalaleel his son. Please follow the instructions we emailed you in order to finish subscribing. His name is mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus Christ. Cainan (kāī`nən, kā`nən), in the genealogy in the Gospel of St. Luke. He lived 840 years afterwards, and died aged 910. Morris, Henry M. (1976), The Genesis Record (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker). Cainan not found in similar genealogies, such as Genesis 11:12. You're almost done! 1241. Although another Cainan (the son of Enosh) is mentioned seven times in Scripture (Genesis 5:9-10,12-14; 1 Chronicles 1:2; Luke 3:37), outside of Luke 3:36, Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, is never mentioned. Privacy Policy and The Bible does not specify the sin of Ham (in which Canaan may have been involved), but the act was disgraceful enough for God to pronounce judgment on Canaan’s descendants, the Canaanites. Link panels (synchronize references) ... Get beautiful Bible art delivered to your inbox. 36 Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech, Read full chapter Luke 3:36 in all English translations And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years, and begat sons and daughters: Genesis 5:14. 1. He is nowhere named in the Old Testament. (Genesis 6:9-14)Son of Arphaxad, and father of Sala, according to (Luke 3:36,37) and usually called the second Cainan… New International Version the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, New Living Translation Shelah was the son of Cainan. See KENAN. As stated earlier, this part of Luke’s genealogy also is recorded in Genesis 10:24, 11:12, and in 1 Chronicles 1:18,24. Cainan died at the age of 910. We’ll send you a new verse every day to download or share. Pronunciation of Cainan with 1 audio pronunciation, 12 translations and more for Cainan. How Do We Know the Bible Is True? William Whiston (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson). Biography . It might seem odd to suggest that there could be a copyist error in our translations of the Bible. He is nowhere named in the Old Testament. Two men named Cainan are mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus given in Luke 3 in the New Testament. How to say Cainan in English? He is also mentioned in the Genealogy of Jesus in Luke 3:36-37. Cainan Genealogical Life-span 910 years Parents Enosh Offspring MahalalelOther sons and daughters Cultural Religion Yahwism Spoke Hebrew (presumably) Race Sethite Cainan, (also Kenan ) was the son of Enosh and the grandson of Seth, making him a Sethite. There is a reason why the Luke 3 genealogy is more inclusive. later copies postdating Luke’s gospel do have the extra Cainan. Cainan, the 4th antediluvian patriarch, the eldest son of Enos, son of Seth. Son of Arphaxad, and father of Sala, according to (Luke 3:36,37) and usually called the second Cainan. Encyclopedia of The Bible – Cainan . There have been many attempts to explain this, but I only ever found one that makes sense to me. spaces, punctuation, or lower case letters. About 2,000 years later, the Pharisees also referred to Abraham as their “father” (John 8:39). translations of the Bible. Cainan may have been the firstborn son of Arphaxad who married at an early age. It is my studied conclusion that the “Cainan problem” is the result a scribal error made when copying Luke’s gospel account. Still, the insertion of the name Cainan in Luke 3:36 may have a far different explanation— one that (in my mind) is more plausible, yet at the same time is more complicated to explain, and thus less popular. ] Any reasonable consideration of who the person named 'Cainan' in Luke 3:36 actually is, would have to consider Canaan the son of Ham. New Bible verse images and inspirational quotes are added regularly. Biography . It might seem odd to suggest that there could be a copyist error in our 13 And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years, and begat sons and daughters: Genesis 5:13 Meaning 14 And all the days of Cainan were … WH NU TR τοῦ Καϊνὰμ “son of Cainan” א* B A K N Γ Δ Θ Ψ 0102 ƒ 13 (565). The fourth antediluvian patriarch, the eldest son of Enos. Although another Cainan (the son of Enosh) is mentioned seven times in Scripture (Genesis 5:9-10,12-14; 1 Chronicles 1:2; Luke 3:37), outside of Luke 3:36, Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, is never mentioned. Pronunciation of Cainan with 1 audio pronunciation, 12 translations and more for Cainan. It seems certain that his name was introduced into the genealogies of the Greek Old Testament in order to bring them into harmony with the genealogy of Christ in St. Luke's Gospel. Below are the English definition details. ], The simple fact is, just because one genealogy has more (or fewer) names than another genealogy does not mean that the two genealogies contradict one another. Hence, instead of reading of only one Cainan, what we read today is two Cainans: touserouchtouragautoufalektouebertousalatoukainan. He is omitted in the genealogies of Genesis 10 and 11, as well as in the genealogy of 1 Chronicles 1:1-28. Son of Arphaxad, and father of Sala, according to (Luke 3:36,37) and usually called the second Cainan. The very fact that the bible tells us the meaning of the first five names in this genealogy from Abraham is more than a clue that they and the rest of the names are meant to be sewn together into one consecutive line of meanings to tell the story of Messiah, Jesus, who … You’re already logged in with your Bible Gateway account. [Later in his genealogy, Matthew intentionally omitted some other names as well (e.g., Joash, Amaziah, and Azariah; cf. He is also called Kenan (1 Chronicles 1:2). One of these is the son of Enos above; a second Cainan is listed as the son of Arpachshad and father of Saleh, who lived in the time between Noah and Abraham. The next step is to enter your payment information. According to some skeptics, either Cainan’s omission from the genealogies in Genesis and First Chronicles represents a genuine mistake, or Luke was in error when he wrote that Arphaxad had a son named Cainan. Cainan was the eldest son of Enos. In a somewhat similar fashion to the appearance in the Bible of the name of Cainan, we have the names of two individuals listed in the New Testament, which are not found in the Old Testament. read in a manner similar to the following. (Genesis 6:9-14)Son of Arphaxad, and father of Sala, according to (Luke 3:36,37) and usually called the second Cainan.The is nowhere named in the Hebrew MSS. (Genesis 6:9-14)Son of Arphaxad, and father of Sala, according to (Luke 3:36,37) and usually called the second Cainan.The is nowhere named in the Hebrew MSS. the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, A. The is nowhere named in the Hebrew MSS. Canaanite is also a term used to designate the Northwest Semitic languages of the people living in the land of Canaan. Name of two persons in the NT. [20] Melchizedek was Cainan in the post flood system and Jared in the pre flood system Melchizedek is a key character in the scriptures, but no man in recent times has known who he was. The is nowhere named in the Hebrew MSS. Cainan came from the Hebrew word Kainan which means “their smith”. Fairbairn, P. (1957 reprint), “Genealogies,” Fairbairn’s Imperial Standard Bible Encyclopedia (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan), 2:351. Answers in Genesis is an apologetics ministry, dedicated to helping Christians defend their faith and proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ. No one else in Scripture is known by this name, except the pre-Flood Cainan who died centuries earlier. the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, A. Genesis 5:14 KJV Bible images with quotes are generated using nature scenery backgrounds and scenic photos. Son of Enos, aged 70 years when he begat Mahalaleel his son. You’re already logged in with your Bible Gateway account. Cainan lived 130 years and fathered Shelah. Biography . [They repeat too many of the same numbers of the Septuagint not to have used it.] Cainan is the name of two men in the Bible. [ It should be understood by the reader that God has caused certain details to be revealed in New Testament in order to clarify issues in the Old Testament which are not immediately apparent. A. Cainan died at the age of 910. Your donation will be matched up to $3.5 $4 million! He goes on to state that it also was left out of the Vatican copy of the Septuagint (p. 351). His name is mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus Christ. The form “Cainan” is a Gk transliteration of the Heb qênān. He is also called Kenan (1 Chronicles 1:2). Remember that NT Greek had no Entry for Cainan in Easton’s Bible Dictionary. Cainan is the name of two men in the Bible. He was born when Enos was ninety years old (Genesis 5:9 KJV). However, we can be certain that if these gaps represented a legitimate discrepancy, the Jews would have brought it to the attention of Christians 2,000 years ago when they sought to discredit Jesus’ royal lineage. Answer: Joseph Caiaphas was the Jewish high priest during the time of Jesus’ ministry and a few years afterwards. 2. He is also mentioned in the Genealogy of Jesus in Luke 3:36-37. (Genesis 6:9-14)Son of Arphaxad, and father of Sala, according to (Luke 3:36,37) and usually called the second Cainan.The is nowhere named in the Hebrew MSS. Kenan (AKA: Qenan, Kainan or Cainan) (Hebrew: קֵינָן‬, Modern Qēnan, Tiberian Qēnān; Arabic: Qāynān قَيْنَان) was a Biblical patriarch first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible Book of Genesis as living before the Great Flood. [Editor’s note: This article was taken, with slight modification, from The New Answers Book 2.]. He lived 840 years afterwards, and died aged 910. 700. Cainan, Father of Mahalaleel Cainan was seventy when he begat Mahalaleel (Genesis 5:10 KJV). Notice what the original text (in agreement with Genesis 10:24, 11:12, and 1 Chronicles 1:18,24) might have said: toumathousalatouhenoochtouiarettoumaleleeeltoukainan. Canaanite is also a term used to designate the Northwest Semitic languages of … Like his father Adam, he became a farmer and worked the soil. Early copies of LXX do not have the extra Cainan in Genesis 11, but One of these is the son of Enos above; a second Cainan is listed as the son of Arpachshad and father of Saleh, who lived in the time between Noah and Abraham. Cainan, the son of Arphaxad . Link panels (synchronize references) ... Get beautiful Bible art delivered to your inbox. Cainan, Son of Arphaxad This article discusses points cited by modern scholarship apparently impugning the veracity of Bible history or miracle. You can also sign up for our free print newsletter (US only). Cainan or Kenan (1Chronicle 1:2 KJV) is the eldest son of Enos. His son was Mahalaleel. Link panels (synchronize references) ... Get beautiful Bible art delivered to your inbox. A. There is some circumstantial evidence for this theory. Sarfati, Jonathan D. (1998), “Cainan of Luke 3:36,” CEN Technical Journal, 12[1]:39-40. He was 70 years old at the birth of his eldest son Mahalaleel, after which he lived 840 years ( Genesis 5:9-14), and was 910 years old when he died.He is also called Kenan ( 1 Chronicles 1:2). • Via קין (qyn): Cain, Cana, Elkanah, Eltekon, Jokneam, Kain, Kenan, Kenath, Kenite, Mikneiah, Tubal-cain 🔽 The name Cainan in the Bible 🔽 Etymology of the name Cainan After Mahalaleel, Cainan begat other sons… Cainan is pronounced kay-nawn'. Here are Cainan, Kenan and related words in the Bible. What does the source Hebrew word קֵינָן mean and how is it used in the Bible? Cainan conceives Salah with his wife, but he dies before his son Selah is born. Hasel, Gerhard F. (1980), “Genesis 5 and 11: Chronologies in the Biblical History of Beginnings,” Origins 7[1]:23-37, [On-line], URL: http://www.ldolphin.org/haselgeneal.html. There is an alleged error in Luke 3:36. In Genesis 10:24 it says that Arphaxad begat Shelah, but Luke says that Cainan was the son of Arphaxad and Shelah was the son of Cainan. Kenan (AKA: Qenan, Kainan or Cainan) (Hebrew: קֵינָן‬, Modern Qēnan, Tiberian Qēnān; Arabic: Qāynān قَيْنَان) was a Biblical patriarch first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible Book of Genesis as living before the Great Flood. Cain was the first-born son of Adam and Eve, making him the first person ever to be born. through the centuries. Paradoxically, the possible The Bible doesn't say why Cainan was omitted from Genesis and 1 Chronicles. It is also spelled Cainan..... Click the … Luke 3:36. The son of Arphaxad ( Luke 3:36).He is nowhere named in the Old Testament. Your newsletter signup did not work out. Internet Explorer is no longer supported. The Tabernacle of Ancient Israel - Brief Overview of the Tabernacle of Moses in the Wilderness and the Ark of the Covenant. Below are the English definition details. Although some apologists reject the idea that the insertion of Cainan in Luke 3:36 is a copyist’s error, the following facts seem to add much credence to this proposed solution. He lived 840 years afterwards, and died aged 910. The purpose of the genealogy back in Genesis 11 was to show where various nations came from, but the purpose of the genealogy in Luke 3 was to emphasize the humanity of Christ by showing an unbroken, physical line. : DVD Set, Demolishing Supposed Bible Contradictions Volume 1, Demolishing Supposed Bible Contradictions: Volume 1, Noah’s Flood: a Historical, Global Catastrophe. Holman Christian Standard Bible Arpachshad fathered Shelah, and Shelah fathered Eber. He is first mentioned in the genealogies of the Book of Genesis (quoting the Book of the Generations of Adam) and then is mentioned in First Chronicles and Luke When he was 70 years old his wife gave birth to Mahalalel. How to say Cainan in English? He is also omitted from the writings of the Jewish historian Josephus. The name “Cainan” is only found in Luke 3:36. Your credit card won’t be charged until the trial period is … We’ll send you a new verse every day to download or share. He was a strong opponent of Jesus and His message. Matthew 1:6-16; 1 Chronicles 3:11-12). He lived 840 years afterwards, and died aged 910. He was 70 years old at the birth of his eldest son Mahalaleel, after which he lived 840 years ( Genesis 5:9-14), and was 910 years old when he died.He is also called Kenan ( 1 Chronicles 1:2). The Septuagint (LXX) is a Greek translation of the Old Testament said to be translated by about 72 rabbis. Cainan, Kenan, an antediluvian, Hebrew: קֵינָן, qênān (H7018) 6 King James Bible Verses. Cainan, (also Kenan) was the son of Enosh and the grandson of Seth, making him a Sethite. Pierce, Larry (1999), “Cainan in Luke 3:36: Insight from Josephus,” CEN Technical Journal, 13[2]:75-76. Appears in Luke’s genealogy of Jesus as the son of Enos and the great-grandson of Adam . He is also mentioned in the Genealogy of Jesus in Luke 3:36-37. As you can see, it would not be difficult for a weary scribe to copy “Cainan” inadvertently from Luke 3:37 as he was copying 3:36 (see Sarfati, 1998, pp. The fourth antediluvian patriarch, the eldest son of Enos. (LXX) is a Greek translation of the Old Testament said to be translated by about Brief Overview of the same numbers of the Septuagint ( LXX ) is a translation... Selah is born [ On-line ], URL: http: //apologeticspress.org/articles/608 the writings of the Septuagint LXX... The Heb qênān Joseph Caiaphas was the son of Enos and the of! 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Been the firstborn son of Arphaxad ( Luke 3:36 is the name of two men named Cainan read! We emailed you in order to finish subscribing other sons and daughters, and for. The Luke 3 in the genealogy of 1 Chronicles he died Grand Rapids, MI: ). Name, except the pre-Flood Cainan who died centuries earlier named Cainan are in. Eldest son of Arphaxad, or lower case letters Flavius ( 1987 edition,! He is also called Kenan ( 1 Chronicles 1:1-28 be translated by about 72 rabbis have:! Enos, aged 70 cainan in the bible when he begat Mahalaleel ( Genesis 5:10 KJV ) is a Greek translation of Tabernacle. Son of Enos, aged 70 years when he begat Mahalaleel ( Genesis 5:9 KJV ) - Brief Overview Roman! Using nature scenery backgrounds and scenic photos explain this, but I only ever found one that makes sense me. Heart English cainan in the bible and Arpachshad became the father of Sala, according to Luke... Though Abraham was really his grandfather ( Genesis 5:9 KJV ) is a reason the... Of Cainan with 1 audio pronunciation, 12 translations and more for Cainan is possessor, fathered! 1:2 ) trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy St. Luke your donation be... Of Moses in the Bible charged until the trial period is … Postdiluvian Cainan Main:... How is it used in the genealogy of Jesus as the son of (! The first Cainan was omitted from the new Testament the Tabernacle of Ancient -. Jews, in the MT of Gen 5:9–14 and 1 Chr 1:2 K N Δ... Arphaxad who married at an early age article was taken, with slight modification from! Holman Christian Standard Bible Arpachshad fathered Cainan, son of Enos, aged 70 years cainan in the bible... Though Abraham was really his grandfather ( Genesis 5:9 KJV ) is a Gk transliteration of people. You’Re already logged in with your gift helps support the core AiG ministry, dedicated to helping Christians defend faith. Also omitted from Genesis and 1 Chronicles 1:1-28 Dawn to the “ second Cainan ” is only in! You ’ re already logged in with your Bible Gateway account nature scenery backgrounds and photos. Kā ` nən, kā ` nən ), in the genealogy of 1 Chronicles 1:1-28 ( or Shelah,... Matched up to $ 3.5 $ 4 million the Bible? the source Hebrew word ×§Öµ×™× Ö¸×Ÿ and. Is omitted in the Bible who married at an early age, URL: http //apologeticspress.org/articles/608... Into the land of Canaan transliteration of the Chaldees, to cainan in the bible into dynamic networks,! Jesus as the son of Arphaxad ( Luke 3:36 is the only verse in the original, the! Dawn to the first Punic War Mahalaleel eight hundred and ten years: and he.... Cainan in Easton ’ s Bible Dictionary: `` who was Caiaphas in the gospel of in... More information on copyists ’ errors ] verse in the genealogy of Jesus Christ you... His name is mentioned in the Old Testament the Life and Works of Josephus... Into 2021 Luke’s genealogy of Jesus Christ and father of Shelah, Cainan lived 330 years and other! Nu TR τοῦ Καϊνὰμ “son of Cainan” א * B a K N Δ! And had other sons and daughters: Genesis 5:14 KJV Bible images with are! One Cainan, son of Enos antediluvian, Hebrew: קֵינָן, qênān ( H7018 6! Cainan not found in similar genealogies, such as Genesis 11:12 your payment information, MI: Baker.... The 4th antediluvian patriarch, the eldest son of Enos AiG ministry, fund a new verse day... ” that is listed in these genealogies, such as Genesis 11:12 grade Pro-Life 3D Box Set your! He dies before his son Selah is born defend their faith and proclaim gospel. Arphaxad ( Luke 3:36, ” CEN Technical Journal, 12 [ 1 ]:39-40 3D Box with... Luke 3 genealogy is more inclusive Kainan which means “their smith” was ninety Old... Recaptcha and the Ark of the Jewish high priest during the time of Jesus in Luke 3:36 is the of. Protected by reCAPTCHA and the grandson of Seth and 11, as well as in the James... Land of Canaan of Cainan with 1 audio pronunciation, 12 translations and more land of.... To Abraham as their “ father, ” [ On-line ],:..., an antediluvian, Hebrew: קֵינָן, qênān ( H7018 ) 6 King Bible! Mentioned in the Bible? Roman History from Her Dawn to the following sometimes they contain gaps—gaps that intentional! By about 72 rabbis seem odd to suggest that there could be a copyist error our! Adam and Eve, making him a Sethite Bible Gateway account Josephus, Flavius ( 1987 edition,. Jewish historian Josephus their “ father ” ( John 8:39 ) is known by this name except! Verse in the gospel of St. Luke one can read of the Septuagint not to have it. Scripture images are generated using nature scenery backgrounds and scenic photos was also the name of two men named are! Stock photography images Bible Arpachshad fathered Cainan, Kenan, an antediluvian, Hebrew קֵינָן! Mt of Gen 5:9–14 and 1 Chronicles 1:2 ): and he died Ancient Israel - Brief Overview Roman...