It is called Zi Su (紫苏), and is used to disperse wind-cold, bloating, and stomach and lung problems. It also thrives over the summertime in the central and northern United States, but dies out when temperatures reach freezing point. Downy mildew caused by Peronospora belbahrii is a significant disease, as first reported in Italy in 2004. Translations in context of "basil plant" in English-Arabic from Reverso Context: I brought you this basil plant. e.g. [3] The essential oil from European basil contains high concentrations of linalool and methyl chavicol (estragole), in a ratio of about 3:1. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) (IPA: or IPA: ) is a plant of the Family Lamiaceae.It is also known as Sweet Basil or Tulsi.It is a tender low-growing herb that is grown as a perennial in warm, tropical climates. However, basil is an annual plant, so it will grow, flower, produce seeds, and die within a year, regardless of your level of care. In Giovanni Boccaccio's 14th century Decameron, the fifth story of the narrative's fourth day, involves a pot of basil as a central plot device. First Report of Downy Mildew Caused by a Peronospora Species on Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum) in Massachusetts. basil translate: 羅勒(烹飪中用作調味的香草),九層塔. In sunnier climates such as Southern Europe, the southern states of the U.S., the North Island of New Zealand, and Australia, basil will thrive when planted outside. Depending on the variety, plants can reach between 30 cm (0.98 ft) and 150 cm (4.9 ft). Translation for 'basil' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. China Basil Plant, China Basil Plant Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory - Source a Large Selection of Basil Plant Products at ornamental plants,iron ore processing plant,plant pots from China Alibaba.com Depending on the species and cultivar, the leaves may taste somewhat like anise, with a strong, pungent, often sweet smell. Roberts, P.D., Raid, R.N., Harmon, P.F., Jordan, S.A., Palmateer, A.J., 2009. Whether green-leafed or red-leafed, the perillaldehyde factor that characterizes the unique P. frutescens var. The leaves are not the only part of basil used in culinary applications, the flower buds have a more subtle flavor and they are edible. [10] The Latin name has been confused with basilisk, as it was supposed to be an antidote to the basilisk's venom. 0002713920.INDD 28 4/20/2016 4:04:33 PM. [citation needed]. Plant Disease 93, 199–199. is applied to P. frutescens var. (See Kyra de Vreeze’s article, “Holy… Tulsi ”, elsewhere in this issue, for more on Ayurveda.) India has commissioned four new plants before 2021 as it looks to reduce its dependence on imports from China. crispa, and the synonym P. ocymoides L. was applied to P. [6] An early example of dividing the two cultigens into different species is found in Matsumura's 1884 nomenclature book, where the synonym P. arguta Benth. Basil is best known as one of the most popular and widely used culinary herbs in the world, however throughout its history this leafy herb has been celebrated for many reasons beyond its flavor. Most culinary and ornamental basils are cultivars of the species Ocimum basilicum, but other species are also grown and there are many hybrids between species. Once the plant is allowed to flower, it may produce seed pods containing small black seeds, which can be saved and planted the following year. My basil plant has lost all the leaves 12-14 inches from the the bottom. Plant Disease 93, 318–318. Fusarium wilt is a soil-borne fungal disease that will quickly kill younger basil plants. The most commonly used Mediterranean basil cultivars are "Genovese", "Purple Ruffles", "Mammoth", "Cinnamon", "Lemon", "Globe", and "African Blue". There are many varieties of basil, as well as several related species or hybrids also called basil. [33] In India, they place it in the mouth of the dying to ensure they reach God. Perilla is a genus consisting of one major Asiatic crop species Perilla frutescens and a few wild species in nature belonging to the mint family, Lamiaceae.The genus encompasses several distinct varieties of Asian herb, seed, and vegetable crop, including P. frutescens (deulkkae) and P. frutescens var. basil translate: 罗勒(烹饪中用于调味的香草). [7][8][9][10] The species name P. ocymoides or P. ocimoides has historically been used to denote P. frutescens var. In Northern Europe, Canada, the northern states of the U.S., and the South Island of New Zealand it will grow best if sown under glass in a peat pot, then planted out in late spring/early summer (when there is little chance of a frost). The flowers are small, white in color and arranged in a terminal spike. It is generally hardy to USDA plant hardiness zone 10. Black spot can be seen on basil foliage and is caused by the fungi genus Colletotrichum. Production areas include countries in the Mediterranean area, those in the temperate zone, and others in subtropical climates.[17]. Fertilize your basil plant every 2 weeks with half-strength balanced liquid fertilizer during the growing season. First cultivated over 5,000 years ago, the basil plant has held deep symbolic and religious meaning from ancient Europe to India, Malaysia, and beyond. It is prominently featured in many cuisines throughout the world. [3][4] Other constituents include: 1,8-cineole, eugenol, and myrcene, among others. Perilla is one of the 50 fundamental herbs in Traditional Chinese Medicine. crispa. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12(8), 10171–10197. After entomophilous pollination, the corolla falls off and four round achenes develop inside the bilabiate calyx. Basil can also be propagated reliably from cuttings with the stems of short cuttings suspended for two weeks or so in water until roots develop. Possible Perilla species with insufficient description and without known herbarium specimens include: The past legacies and subsequent reclassification of taxa has led to confusion of nomenclature. "Ocimum minimum information from NPGS/GRIN", "Do Tomatoes Love Basil but Hate Brussels Sprouts? ADVERTISEMENT. Temperature and Humidity. Hello plant people! Once a stem produces flowers, foliage production stops on that stem, the stem becomes woody, and essential oil production declines. countries due to its attractive f lowers and aroma. It will grow back the next year if allowed to go to seed. Some gardeners say to avoid planting it near rue or anise as well. The flowers are edible, too, so don't despair if a few plants get ahead of you. You can use them interchangeably in any dish that calls for either of these two herbs. Basil is originally native to India and other tropical regions of Asia.It has been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years. [1][5] Until a few decades ago, P. frutescens var. Thai basil (Thai: โหระพา, ... As a tropical plant, Thai basil is hardy only in very warm climates where there is no chance of frost. If its leaves have wilted from lack of water, it will recover if watered thoroughly and placed in a sunny location. Ocimum basilicum has at least 60 varieties, which further complicates taxonomy.[3]. The French sometimes call basil "l'herbe royale" ("royal herb"),[28] while Jewish folklore suggests it adds strength while fasting. [1] Some varieties are considered invasive. Once a basil plant goes to seed, the existing leaves begin to lessen in flavor, so don't be afraid to cut and use it, as soon as possible. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese traditional Dictionary. Basil (/ˈbæzəl/,[1] also US: /ˈbeɪzəl/;[2] Ocimum basilicum), also called great basil, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints). [2][3] Perilla varieties are cross-fertile and intra-specific hybridization occurs naturally. [3] It is a tender plant, and is used in cuisines worldwide. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese simplified Dictionary. Plant seeds/seedlings about ¼-inch deep and 10 to 12 inches apart. You can use medicinal plants to treat common ailments like cough and fever. In Taiwan, people add fresh basil leaves to thick soups. occurs in Heibonsha 1964 Encyclopedia, though the genus name is misspelt, 10.1663/0013-0001(2003)057[0245:APCATW]2.0.CO;2, "Studies on Perilla Relating to Its Essential Oil and Taxonomy", "The Garden's Tiny Culinary Transformations", "The Nutritional Treasure of Leafy Vegetables-Perilla frutescens", Tropentag 2016 Wien: International Research on Food Security, Natural Resource Management and Rural Development, "Perilla: Botany, Uses and Genetic Resources", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Perilla&oldid=991522281, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 14:25. However, due to its popularity, basil is cultivated in many countries around the world. Mint is the perfect choice for sweet dishes. Most of the Asian basils have a clove-like flavor that is, in general, stronger than the Mediterranean basils, such as tulsi. Wick, R.L., Brazee, N.J., 2009. Basil that has flowered can still be eaten, but it will be bitter. Here is the translation and the Chinese Simplified word for basil: 罗勒 (luólè) Dictionary Entries near basil. [23], Basil is most commonly used fresh in recipes. Seedlings may be killed by Pythium damping off. A basil plant in flower. Holy basil, also called tulsi, is highly revered in Hinduism. In the Hindu religious tradition, the tulsi, or holy basil, plant serves both as an important symbol and also as a popular medicinal remedy.As a symbol, the plant is worshiped in the morning and evening by Hindus everywhere; and the plant itself serves as an herbal remedy for a lot of common ailments in the ancient Indian Ayurvedic system of healthcare. Planting chamomile near basil is also said improve the health of the plants. Natural Healers, Ayurveda and Chinese medicine believed basil could cleanse the body of toxins, offer a boost of energy and encourage clarity of the mind. frutescens. Basil grows a thick, central taproot. Several other basils, including some other Ocimum species,[16] are grown in many regions of Asia. [3][5] The clove scent of sweet basil is derived from eugenol. How to Plant Basil. × citriodorum), and holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum). Basils are generally more Thai than Chinese, but I love basil, oyster sauce, fish sauce, and a little sugar with green vegetables--in that case, the basil is half herb/half vegetable. A common foliar disease of basil is gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea; it can cause infections post-harvest and is capable of killing the entire plant. [citation needed], The various basils have such different scents because the herb has a number of different essential oils in different proportions for various cultivars. Basil. Basil (most commonly Thai basil) is commonly steeped in cream or milk to create an interesting flavor in ice cream or chocolates (such as truffles). However, basil represented hatred in ancient Greece, [30]. Leaf sizes range from 3 cm (1.2 in) to 11 cm (4.3 in) long, and between 1 cm (0.39 in) and 6 cm (2.4 in) wide. While most common varieties of basil are treated as annuals, some are perennial in warm, tropical climates, including holy basil and a cultivar known as "African blue basil". Here’s how to start. crispa, especially by the Japanese,[a][6] therefore it should not be considered an interchangeable synonym for either cultigen. crispa has many common names, including purple shiso, Chinese basil and purple perilla. 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